SREE MOOKAMBIKA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University

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Anatomy

Introduction

Anatomy is a branch of medical science that deals with the understanding of the structural organization of the human body. Anatomy is divided into gross/morphological anatomy, microscopic anatomy/histology, developmental anatomy/embryology and genetics. Approaches to studying gross anatomy are regional, systemic, clinical /applied, cross sectional & radiological anatomy, and includes embalming techniques of cadaver, histological and preservation techniques of human body parts are also dealt with this subject.

The Department of Anatomy was started in 2006 for the MBBS course, and the postgraduate MD Anatomy course was started in 2012 with 2 students. Presently the department imparts teaching and training to BDS, BSC Nursing, MSC Nursing and DMLT courses.

The department motivates young undergraduate and postgraduates to take up small research projects.

Objectives

The broad goal of the teaching of undergraduate students in Anatomy aims at providing comprehensive knowledge of the gross and microscopic structure and development of human body, to provide a basis for understanding the clinical correlation of organs or structures involved and the anatomical basis for the disease presentations.

Focus of the Department

Teaching clinical anatomy with the following objectives

  • Comprehend the normal disposition, clinically relevant interrelationships, functional and cross sectional anatomy of the various structures in the body.
  • Identify the microscopic structure and correlative elementary ultra structure of various organs and tissues and correlate the structure with the functions as a prerequisite for understanding the altered state in various disease processes.
  • Comprehend the basic structure and connections of the central nervous system to analyze the integrative and regulative function of the organs and systems. Students shall be able to locate the site of gross lesions according to the deficits encountered.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of basic principles and sequential development of the organs and systems; recognize the critical states of development and the effects of common teratogens. Students shall be able to explain the developmental basis of the major variations and abnormalities

Research work done till date

  • Dermatoglyphic study on fingers and palms of children with mental retardation; Dr Esther Yamuna N, 2014-15
  • Study of palmer dermatoglyphics in essential hypertensive patients attending department of medicine at Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Kulasekharam; Dr. Mimmy Sangeeth, 2012-15
  • Estimation of stature from measurements of hands and feet in the rural area population of Kanyakumari district; Dr Kalaikumar, Dr.Rathija Sreekumar
  • Morphometric analysis of upper end of femur; Dr Rajitha Sreekumar, 2013-16
Ongoing Research
  • “A study on nutrient foramina in the shaft of long bones of upper and lower limbs at Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences”; Dr. Neil James, 2016-19
Research papers presented as oral presentation in Regional and National conferences based on the research work done by Prof. Dr. N. Mugunthan
  • “Evaluation on the effectiveness of teaching and learning Anatomy using cadaver, mannequin and both cadaver & mannequin for acquiring practical skills” - 34th Annual Conference of Association of Anatomist, Tamil Nadu, 15th & 16th Oct 2011.
  • “Effects of chronic exposure of ultra-high frequency radiation emitted from 2G cell phone on kidney of mice – a histomorphometric study” - The second national conference of Society of Clinical Anatomists Salem, Tamil Nadu, 25th & 26th of May 2013.
  • “Effect of long term exposure of mice testes to ultra-high frequency radiation emission from 2G cell phone - A histological study” - 36th annual conference of Association of Anatomists Tamil Nadu at SRM medical college, Kattangulathur, 5th & 6th of October 2013.
  • “Chronic exposure of mice to 900-1900 MHz radiation from cell phone resulting in microscopic changes in the kidney” - 61st National Conference of Anatomical Society of India, PGIMER Chandigarh, November 22nd to 25th.
  • “Effect of cell phone radiation on hippocampal neurons of mice – A histomorphometric study” - 3rd National Conference of Society of Clinical Anatomists, Puducherry, 24th and 25th May 2014.
Research papers presented as oral presentation in the international conferences based on the research work done by Dr.Susie Jayalyn David:
  • “Morphometric measurements of sacral hiatus in South Indian dry human sacra for safe caudal epidural block” - International Symposium on Advances in Biomedical Research-An integrated approach Hosted by Nitte University M’lore (Nov 1-3, 2012)
Research papers presented as oral presentation in the Regional conference based on the research work done by Dr.Rathija Sree kumar:
  • “High bifurcation of Brachial artery” Presented on State conference at Chengalpattu Medical College.
Research papers presented as oral presentation in the Regional conference based on the research work done by Dr. Neil James:
  • “Meckle’s Direrticulum – A case report - Sree Balaji Medical College Hospital, Chennai.
Thrust areas of research
  • Effects of cell phone radiation on biological tissues.
  • Vascular pattern and variations in heart, liver & stomach
Inter Departmental Collaboration-Research Projects
  • Collaboration with Department of OBG and Pediatrics for the study of congenital anomalies of new born foetuses.
  • Collaboration with department of OBG, Pediatrics & Dermatology for chromosomal study related to inborn chromosomal errors in cases of Down's, Transgender and Infertility cases.
  • Collaboration with Community Medicine department for the study of Growth and Development.

Facilities Available

  • Lecture Hall – fully air-conditioned and equipped with audiovisual system

  • Demonstration room – The 2 demonstration rooms of 75 seating capacity, equipped with LCD and white board.

  • Histology Laboratory – The practical laboratory for histology accommodates 100 students and each student is provided with an individual microscope and a set of slides. The unique feature of the lab is the presence of slide projector and numerous histology charts that enables an excellent teaching learning out-come. Histology laboratory is provided with TV and video camera and LCD for projection of histology slides for small group teaching.

  • Dissection Hall –  The students are motivated to develop their skills in dissection so as to understand the intricacy of human body architecture .The students are also provided prosected parts and the entire faculty interacts with students during practical session. The students are evaluated periodically by conducting notified test and terminal examination. In the dissection hall bones are displayed in a unique way for easy access to the students during dissection schedule. Also equipped with teaching aids like charts, skeleton and audiovisual aids .

  • Embalming room – equipped with embalming machine, cold storage, 4 storage tank, bone and meat cutting machine.

  • Museum – The well organized comprehensive Anatomy museum is a unique feature of the department. About 500 wet specimens are displayed region wise. Numerous charts, embryology models, skiagrams, MRI, CT scan are adequately displayed in separate sections. Transectional models, 3D models and specimens of rare congenital foetal anomalies are the added attractions to the museum.

  • Research Laboratory – The research laboratory is well equipped with binocular research microscopes, stereoscopic dissecting microscope, trinocular microscope with digital camera and egg incubator. The research laboratory provides an ideal environment for the faculty and students to carry out research activities.

  • Departmental Library – Departmental library has 176 books on Anatomy and allied subjects as reference books for the need of students/postgraduates and faculty. The library has also collections of CD’S on Anatomy for self study, improvement and assessment.

Head of Department

Dr. K. Girija Kumari

UG Teaching Schedule

Introduction, General Anatomy, General Embryology,

General Histology &Upper Extremity              –  6 weeks   
Lower extremity                                                   –  5 weeks   
Abdomen & Pelvis                                                –  9 weeks   
Thorax                                                                     –  3 weeks   
Head& Neck                                                           –  11 weeks
Brain& Spinal cord                                               –   6 weeks


Total                                                                        –  40 weeks

Theory: 6 hours/week

Practical: Dissection-2hours/day in the morning hours

Practical II: Histology-8hours/week afternoon hours

Horizontal Integration

 The preclinical departments together plan the horizontal integration, to stress the importance of clinical and applied Anatomy

  1. Display study questions on the notice board weekly, pertaining to the regions covered
  2. At the end of a region students are given cases of the region for study, presentation analysis and discussion.
  3. Invite clinicians to give guest lectures and demonstrations to highlight the anatomical basis of the clinical conditions, region wise to effect clinical anatomical correlative study
Evaluation

Internal Assessment

Theory 20 + Practical 20 = 40 Marks
Practical 20 Marks shall include 5 marks for record

University Examination Pattern:

Theory 2 Papers, each of 3 hours duration and carrying 50 marks each
Practical I & II carrying 40 marks
Viva – 20 Marks

 Other academic activities

  1. Seminar presentation by students on relevant topics
  2. Group discussion as a method of problem solving Learning
  3. Guidance to slow learners

*Extra care and guidance is given to slow learners/ low achievers by conducting extra classes to improve their performance. We could achieve 80% results in the University Examination amongst the low achievers.
*Faculty members are engaged in small research projects and participate in national and regional conferences.

PG Training Program

  • Seminar & journal club presentation once in a month
  • Institutional Journal club monthly
  • Attend CME Program & workshops conducted in other colleges
  • Log Book Submission Monthly
  • Undergraduate Teaching & Evaluation

Conferences & CME

Faculty as Speaker/ Guest Lectures elsewhere
ConferenceYearFaculty NameTopic PresentedAwards/Merits

Institute of Anatomy, Madras Medical College, Chennai

2017

Dr. N. Mugunthan

Anatomy of facial nerve and its applied aspects

- Guest Lecture -

Awards/ Recognitions – Faculty
Awards/MeritsYearFaculty NameEvent

Dr. M. M. Cooper Memorial award for Teachers

2009​

Dr. N. Mugunthan

Paper titled “Anatomical variations of cystic artery” presented at 32nd Annual Conference of Association of Anatomist –Tamil Nadu

Dr. M. M. Cooper Memorial award for Teachers

2010

Dr. N. Mugunthan
..........................................

Paper titled “Variations of left hepatic artery” presented at 33rd Annual Conference of Association of Anatomist –Tamil Nadu

Annual Best case series award for the year 2013-14

2014

Dr. N. Mugunthan

Paper titled “Chronic exposure of mice kidney to radiation emitted from 2G cell phone - A histomorphometric study” presented at Scientific and Academic Forum, MGMC&RI, Pondicherry.